Unlike its more famous partner, the 54th Massachusetts. Had not yet experienced combat. Organized in New Berne, North Carolina and Virginia during the summer of 1863 as the First North Carolina Colored Volunteers, the unit had participated in siege operations against Charleston, primarily as laborers and garrison troops. The First North Carolina Colored Volunteers was redesignated as the 35th U. However, the news of this did not reach the regimnent until after the Battle of Olustee.
Even then, many of the officers and men, as was common in military units throughout history, continued to refer to their unit by its original name for a period of time. There are numerous official reports existing in the archives, or in the hands of private individuals, in which correspondance from the unit continues to identify it as the 1st North Carolina Colored Volunteers. The earliest known, at least to the Olustee CSO.Report from the unit that identifies it as the 35th U. Is dated 10 May 1864.
However, as most official Civil War histories and Web sites identify the unit as the 35th U. This site will use that designation as the official designation, except where called otherwise in historical documents.Most of the 35th's enlisted men were ex-slaves from coastal areas of Virginia and the Carolinas, while its officers came from various northern units. Colonel James Beecher commanded the regiment.
A half-brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Henry Ward Beecher, James drifted through various occupations during his early years, including a stint as a missionary in China. Labeled "The Odd One" by a biographer of the Beecher family, James seemed an unlikely candidate to command a regiment in combat, but he had previously served ably as lieutenant colonel in the 141st New York Infantry, and proved an efficient administrator and trainer during the unit's early months. At Olustee, the 35th U. Was commanded by its second-in-command, Lieutenant Colonel William Reed.As Colonel Beecher was on leave in the north when the Florida campaign began. As such, its new temporary second-in-command at Olustee was Major Archibald Bogle. Formerly of the Seventeeth Massachusetts and in civilian life a druggist from Melrose, Massachusetts. Bogle's father was "known to fame as the proprietor of'Bogle's Magic Hair Dye', " and a contemporary wrote that Bogle always used the stuff on his moustache and hair, and kept them in shape if his person was otherwise seedy. And several of Seymour's. Other regiments, had not participated in a major battle, and represented a question mark for the Federal commander. For the campaign to be successful, these green units would have to perform well in combat. Lost 230 men while, along with the 54th Massachusetts, covering the retreat of the Federal army, Lieutenant Colonel Reed was wounded during the battle, and later died of his wounds while in hospital in Beaufort, South Carolina, on 27 February. Major Bogle was also gravely wounded, but was captured by the Confederates. His adventures afterwards (see links below) are a fascinating tale of mistreatment, imprisonment and survival. Florida State Archives Photographic Collection. During the rest of 18641865 the unit garrisoned positions in South Carolina and Florida and fought in several smaller engagements, including those at Black Creek and St. The 35th participated in the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina, on 30 November 1864. Emilio, a captain in the 54th Massachusetts and author of A Brave Black Regiment.
Although it is difficult to establish the relative time of events, these dispositions having been made, the Thirty-fifth United States Colored Troops, Col. Beecher, charged up the road. It went up the road with a cheer, but receiving a terrible fire, after severe loss, was forced to retire and form in support of the artillery. At one time that day Colonel Beecher, Thirty-fifth United States Colored Troops, who was wounded, came along in the rear of our line in a dazed sort of way. Fearing he would be killed, Lt.
Hooper sent two men to assist him to the rear. There are numerous references to the 35th in A Brave Black Regiment. It was involved in the Devaux's Neck operations immediately after Honey Hill although it does not appear from Emilio that they engaged the enemy.Emilio's final reference to the 35th involves a racial meleé with the 127th New York while on occupation duty in Charleston. According to Yacavone's A Voice of Thunder , the 127th and 165th New York were especially virulent racists taking every opportunity to attack Charleston blacks and black Union troops. At one point, General Gillmore. Had the 165th confined to Ft. Wagner and threatened to take away their colors. The Charleston area, apparently, was in a Bosnia-like situation at the close of the war. Blacks were victimized at every turn both by ex-Rebs and Union whites. Like many other men in the colored regiments, those in the 35th used their spare time to improve themselves by learning to read and write. Frances Beecher, wife of Colonel James Beecher, commander of the 35th U.
Taught many men of this regiment to read and write while they were stationed at Beaufort and Jacksonville. " "My mornings were spent in teaching the men of our regiment to read and write, and it became my pleasing duty and habit, wherever our moving tents were pitched, there to set up our school. Sometimes the chaplain assisted, and sometimes the officers; and the result was that when the men came to be mustered out each one of them could proudly sign his name to the pay-roll in a good legible hand.When enlisted, all but two or three of them were obliged to put a mark to their names as written by the paymaster, thus. His John X Jones mark.
While their eagerness to learn and the difficulty that many found in learning were touching. One bright mulatto man particularly worked at his letters for two years, and then could only write his own name; while others learned at once.
Whenever they had a spare moment, out would come a spelling-book or a primer or Testament, and you would often see a group of heads around one book. (from The Negro's Civil War by James McPherson). Mustered out of service on 1 June 1866. There have been men who have proposed to me to return to slavery the black warriors of Port Hudson & Olustee to their masters to conciliate the South.I should be damned in time & eternity for doing so. Abraham Lincoln , April 19, 1864 (Collected Works 7: 506-507). On the First North Carolina (Colored) Volunteers. Information on LtCol William Reed. "Death" of Major Archibald Bogle. The'Further Adventures' of Major Archibald Bogle. Death of Capt Charles Jones. 1st Lt John Darling Terry, Medal of Honor awardee. Pvt Jordan Swindel, Company H.
Early known use of 35th U. Excerpt from the book The Black Phalanx. External Web sites related to the Battle of Olustee History of the 35th U.35th United States Colored Troops. Service record of the 1st N. Short history of James Beecher. The story of the 35th U. Database of over 230,000 names of United States Colored Troops.
Appreciation is extended to Rob Goldman. For providing the history of the 1st N. After its participation at the Battle of Olustee. MA; an 18 year-old Farmer. Enlisted on 12/5/1861 as a Private.
On 12/5/1861 he mustered into "I" Co. He was discharged for wounds on 1/13/1863 at Sharpsburg, MD On 5/29/1863 he was commissioned into "K" Co.
He was Mustered Out on 6/1/1866 at Charleston, SC He was listed as: Wounded 9/17/1862 Antietam, MD (Severe wound in arm, amputated) POW 5/15/1864 (place not stated) (Estimated day) Exchanged 12/17/1864 Annapolis, MD Promotions: 2nd Lieut 4/20/1863 As of Co. K 35th UC Infantry 1st Lieut 3/4/1864 As of Co. E Capt 4/1/1866 As of Co.
H Intra Regimental Company Transfers: 3/4/1864 from company K to company E 4/1/1866 from company E to company H Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc. African American Civil War Memorial B-50 Name: James O Ladd , Residence: Windsor, Massachusetts Occupation: Farmer Enlistment Date: 05 December 1861 Distinguished Service: DISTINGUISHED SERVICE Side Served: Union State Served: Massachusetts Unit Numbers: 903 903 2921 2921 Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 05 December 1861 at the age of 18 Enlisted in Company I, 15th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts on 05 December 1861. Wounded on 17 September 1862 at Antietam, MD Discharged because of wounds Company I, 15th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts on 13 January 1863 in Sharpsburg, MD Promoted to Full Lieutenant 2nd Class on 20 April 1863 effective 29 May 1863 As of Co. K 35th UC Inf Commission in Company K, 35th Infantry Regiment UC on 29 May 1863. Transferred on 04 March 1864 from company K to company E Promoted to Full Lieutenant 1st Class on 04 March 1864 As of Co.E POW on 15 May 1864 (Estimated day) Exchanged on 17 December 1864 at Annapolis, MD Transferred on 01 April 1866 from company E to company H Promoted to Full Captain on 01 April 1866 As of Co. H Mustered out Company K, 35th Infantry Regiment UC on 01 June 1866 in C harleston, SC. We offer a 14 day return on any item that you find is not as described. Please give us a chance to make it right if you feel that we have made an error. We only sell original authentic material. We are buyers, sellers, and collectors of interesting philatelic & numismatic material. We are life members of the ANA, APS, & CWPS. The item "CIVIL WAR HISTORIC 35th UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS COVER JAMES O LADD SC" is in sale since Sunday, July 4, 2021. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Civil War (1861-65)\Original Period Items\Correspondence, Mail".store" and is located in Charlotte, North Carolina. This item can be shipped to United States.